The Hanoitimes - In spite of specific mechanism policies, Vietnam’s supporting industries development is not as expected, due to low added value in production and limited competitiveness.
There are numerous reasons for this situation, in which the qualified human resources are both lack and short in number, in turn restricts the development of supporting industries.
At present, there are 200,000 graduated students each year not having a job. There are reasons for this, in which include education is not related to practical experience, and the lack of quality human resources to increase productivity. According to Vice Chairman of Hanoi Supporting Industries Business Association (HANSIBA) Nguyen Van, many enterprises in supporting industries are facing difficulties of the workforce not meeting the requirements. “The number of graduate students each year is very large, but enterprises are still difficult in recruitment, as the majority are not up to requirements. Or in other words, there still exist a gap between training and education, which is the main barrier for enterprises in recruitment” – Mr. Van stressed.
In reality, the low quality of human resources is the main obstacle of enterprises in supporting industries. As an enterprise in field of mechanism, General Director of PMTT Group Le Huy Thuc said, enterprises want to receive graduate students, but they need to have practical skills. While students in universities are abudant, human resources coming from colleges and vocational schools are in low number. “There is an urgent need for quaility human resources. However, the status of human resources in Vietnam through universities and colleges is still inefficient, which is not up to the requirements of employers” – Mr. Thuc shared.
The requirement of supporting industries seems simple at first, when it focuses on minor detail to serve the assembly of a full machine, equipment, while the technical staffs are not required to have high technical capabilities, but only good specific skills to meet the requirements. However, the majority of the workforce do not meet the requirements, which has created big problem for enterprises.
Evaluating the human resources for supporting industries, Principal of Hanoi Vocational College High Technology – Dr. Pham Xuan Khanh said, it is very difficult, even if students are trained for short term to be able to work right after graduation, as they still need practical experience. Short term training courses are only for people who want to be retrained, or to advance in their vocational skills. Therefore, in order to have human resources with high skills, enterprises should strictly follow the long term training course. There should be additional support, or even direct support for employees, or provide training centers with financial support based on the number of registration. “At present, training at schools and facilities are mainly based on their capacities, leading to the situation of the human resources not up to requirements. Meanwhile, enterprises do not have a close relationship with schools to make clear which aspect they need from the human resources, leading to the shortcoming in human resources for supporting industries. This is a main obstacle for enterprises in supporting industries” – Dr. Pham Xuan Khanh said. He added, the challenges are more and more difficulties when Vietnam is integrated deeply in the global economy. As such, the high quality of foreign labor forces with skills, experience and language ability will move to Vietnam.
Ngoc Thuy - Khac Kien