The Hanoitimes - An expert group conference on eco-industrial parks (EIPs) in Vietnam was organised by the Ministry of Planning and Investment and the UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) in the central province of Quang Nam on September 29.
The Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) will include basic regulations on EIPs in some draft decrees to be submitted to the Government for consideration later this year.
During the meeting, many participants said the EIP is a new model in Vietnam and has not been stipulated in any legal document. Basically, an EIP has cleaner production processes with updated technologies to promote energy efficiency.
To establish EIPs, it is necessary to set higher standards for greenhouse gas emissions and waste treatment and encourage the use of recycling and energy reuse technologies.
As June 2016, Vietnam had 321 industrial parks and export processing zones. They housed over 6,600 FDI projects and 6,200 domestically invested projects with a combined capital of over 105 billion USD and 693 trillion VND (31 billion USD).
Director of the MPI’s Economic Zone Management Department Tran Duy Dong said that enterprises in industrial parks account for more than 50 percent of industrial production value and 53 percent of export revenue of Vietnam annually.
However, industrial activities are posing numerous challenges to the environment and human health. Up to 16 percent of operational industrial parks haven’t had wastewater treatment plants, and 20 percent of industrial waste is hazardous.
Therefore, building EIPs is critical to improving production efficiency and environmental protection, he said.
The MPI is working with the UNIDO to implement a 4.5 million USD project on carrying out the EIP initiative for sustainable industrial zones in Vietnam. The project is piloted in the industrial parks of Khanh Phu (Ninh Binh province), Khanh Hoa (Da Nang city), and Tra Noc 1 and 2 (Can Tho city).