Nghi Tam is famous nationwide for its traditional occupations of flower and bonsai growing and ornamental fish farming.
Bonsai have been grown in Nghi Tam since 1228 when a villager bought saplings from a Chinese trader to plant in his village.
Bonsai lovers throughout Ha Noi are well aware of the century-old Nghi Tam bonsai trees.
Nghi Tam has been a flower village since the establishment of the capital. The village has developed continuously, and has always been considered as one of the largest flower villages, supplying fresh flowers for the city and its vicinity. In the 1950s, nearly all the households were involved in planting flowers.
There are many kinds of flowers originating from temperate regions like the peach blossom, daisy, violet and lily, and particularly the kumquat, peach and while apricot. From winter to spring, with the drizzling rain and the cold wind, the temperature is suitable for the growth of these flowers. Every morning, Nghi Tam flower market is busy.
Hanoians take the utmost care in the selection of their Tet (Lunar New Year) peach trees, taking into account every tiny detail that must sit in harmony with the sentiment or philosophy that one wishes to express, in addition to matching the interior decoration of their house.
Kumquat is another species that spread from Nghi Tam Village to West Lake. During Tet, most families in the capital, and now throughout the country, have their kumquat trees to symbolise talent and wealth.
Nghi Tam arose in 1138 during the reign of King Ly Than Tong. The site of the village was home to his Tam Tang estate which later the King gave to his daughter Princess Tu Hoa. She led the village in farming silk cocoons on large mulberry fields, creating an occupation the capital Thang Long was famous for at that time.
During the Tran (1225-1400) dynasty the estate\'s name was changed to Tich Ma and then finally Nghi Tam during the Le (1428-1788) dynasty.
Nghi Tam is also the native village of Ba Huyen Thanh Quan, a 19th-century female poet whose work is still admired today.